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Zakat has the potential to become an alternative power source in supporting the SDGs in Indonesia. Zakat has a high philanthropy resource potential in Indonesia. Data from BAZNAS (2015) shows that the potential Zakat giving Indonesia reached Rp 286 billion, while the amount of Zakat collected in 2015 reached Rp 3.6 trillion. The number of Zakat management organizations has also increased and achieved more rapid growth than other philanthropic institutions. Therefore, BAZNAS (Badan Amil Zakat Nasional) and Filantropi Indonesia invites activists and managers of charity organizations to support the achievement of the goals and objectives of the SDGs.
"We encourage the movement of Zakat in Indonesia to put points of interest in Sustainable Development or Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as an alternative viewpoint in measuring and guiding Zakat empowerment programs. This frame of mind is necessary because it has been agreed that nations apply SDGs until the end of 2030" said Ir. Nana Mintarti, BAZNAS member.
The potential role and challenges in supporting the utilization of Zakat to achieve the SDGs was a topic of discussion at the Learning Philanthropy Forum 13 with the theme of Zakat on SDGs on Thursday (26/1) in Jakarta. The event was organized by the Filantropi Indonesia, BAZNAS and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The event was attended by participants from the charity and philanthropy sectors, and featured speakers Ir. Nanan Mintarti (Member of BAZNAS) Dr. Haidar Bagir (Advisory Board Member of Filantropi Indonesia) and Wahyuningsih Darajati (Director of Forestry and Natural Resource Conservation BAPPENAS).
According to Ir. Nanan Mintarti, various empowerment programs conducted by BAZNAS and institutions of Zakat already integrate the SDGs framework, especially regarding poverty. Until now, Zakat programs largely targeted the alleviation of poverty, because the poor are the seen as the greatest class entitled to receive assistance. "BAZNAS looks at the SDGs as a tool to achieve progress Indonesia, aligned with the vision, namely the welfare, alleviating poverty, improving quality human resources, encourage public health and all other aspects of empowerment", Ir. Nanan Mintarti said.
BAZNAS has committed itself to make the whole program development of SDGs to be measured as a success in Indonesia. This commitment is expressed in a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in the high-level side event the United Nations (UN) in New York which took place last September.
The Indonesian Philanthropy Steering Board Member Dr. Haidar Bagir said, with a huge Muslim population, Indonesia can make Zakat an alternative power source in supporting the achievement of goals and targets of the SDGs. Zakat can be raised to its potential, as most are still utilized for sponsorship activities and social services.
In addition, through its involvement in SDGs initiatives and programs undertaken, the Zakat movement can be brought and promoted to the global level. This promotion will expand networks and partnerships with similar initiatives undertaken with various international philanthropy and global philanthropic institutions. Various SDGs initiatives and programs undertaken by the Zakat movement can be promoted through the SDG Philanthropy Platform (SDG PP), a platform aimed at enhancing the role and involvement of philanthropic institutions in achieving the SDGs. This platform is a global initiative that aims to facilitate international dialogue for the purpose of inter-agency collaboration philanthropy, beginning in a few pilot countries, namely Kenya, Colombia, Ghana and Indonesia. SDG PP main partner in Indonesia is the Indonesian Philanthropy Association – Filantropi Indonesia.